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Civil Proceedings
level 2 bulletOverview
level 2 bulletCommencement of an Action
level 3 bulletModes of Commencing an Action
level 3 bulletTime Limits
level 3 bulletCourt Fees and Hearing Fees
level 3 bulletRegistration of Foreign Judgments
level 2 bulletPre-Trial Matters
level 3 bulletService of Documents and Stages up to Close of Pleadings
level 3 bulletPre-Trial Conferences
level 3 bulletInterlocutory Applications
level 3 bulletSubpoena
level 3 bulletExchange of Affidavits of Evidence-In-Chief and Setting Down
level 2 bulletTrial
level 2 bulletPost-Trial Matters
level 3 bulletTaxation and Review of Bills of Costs
level 3 bulletAssessment of Damages
level 3 bulletEnforcement
level 3 bulletTaking of Accounts
level 2 bulletThe Appeal Process
level 3 bulletAppealing from a Registrar's Decision to a Judge in Chambers
level 3 bulletAppealing from a High Court decision to the Court of Appeal
level 3 bulletAppeals from the State Courts
level 2 bulletEnforcement Proceedings
level 2 bulletOther Civil Proceedings and Processes
level 3 bulletAdmiralty Proceedings
level 3 bulletBankruptcy Proceedings
level 3 bulletCompany Winding Up Proceedings
level 3 bulletAncillary Matters Pertaining to Divorce
level 3 bulletProbate and Letters of Administration
level 3 bulletPower of Attorney
level 3 bulletApplications for Admission of Advocates And Solicitors
level 3 bulletRegistration and Renewal of Bills of Sales
level 2 bulletInterest Rates
level 2 bulletInformation for Unrepresented Litigants
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Interlocutory Applications

Pre-trial applications are commonly made before a trial. These applications are known as interlocutory applications and they are made by filing a Summons in Form 60. Such applications can be heard ex-parte (no other parties being served with the application) or inter partes (one or more parties being served with the application). The summons is addressed to the other party informing him of the date of hearing and the grounds of the application. The summons is usually supported by an affidavit. Depending on the nature of the applications, summonses can be heard by the Registrar or the Judge of the High Court in chambers. Summonses before the Registrar are heard in chambers on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Summonses before the Judge of the High Court in chambers are heard on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Stamp Fees Involved in Interlocutory Applications

  Value up to S$1 million  

Value more than S$1 million

  Summons application for O14, O18 r19 and O33 r2
  Ex-parte application for injunction
  Summons application under company winding up proceeding
  Normal summons application

For affidavits, a fee of S$2.00 for every page or part thereof (including exhibits annexed or produced) is payable, subject to a minimum fee of S$50.00 per affidavit. In addition, a fee of S$5.00 is imposed for each exhibit referred to and marked.

Any party who is not satisfied with the judgment or order given by the Registrar can file an appeal to a Judge of the High Court in chambers within 14 days after the order was given.

Examples of Summons applications include:

  • Discovery Proceedings
    During discovery proceedings, parties reveal to each other documentary evidence that has bearing upon the issues in the case. This way, parties are alerted to the causes of action they will have to meet. Each party draws up a list of documents in their possession, custody or power relating to any matter in question between them in the action and serves this list on the other party.

    If parties are unable to agree on the need for, or extent of discovery, an application may be made to the court to determine the matter. If the court deems that discovery of documents is not necessary for disposing fairly of the action or for saving costs, no order will be made. Otherwise, the court will order discovery.

  • Summons for Directions
    Summons for Directions occur at the time when parties need to determine what further step need to be taken in order to effectively prepare for trial. Directions pertaining to the filing and exchanging of affidavits, the number of witnesses a party may require, and the number of days a case may require are decided at this stage. Parties will also need to agree on specific evidence such as expert advice or photographs to be used in trial.

  • Request for Further and Better Particulars
    Where the opposing party is of the view that the pleadings served on them contain insufficient information or are unclear, they may wish to file an application seeking for further and better particulars to be furnished.

Last updated on 20 JAN 2006
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